- Trauma or injury to the foot, damaging the nerve and resulting in swelling.
- Improper footwear, like shoes that squeeze the foot together. High heels also increase pressure on the vulnerable areas.
- Recurring stress to the feet through repeated physical activities or exercise. This is common with patients who are constantly on their feet due to their job.
- Deformities of the foot, like a high arch or flat foot. These lead to instability throughout the foot.
- Taping and padding: This is a special type of tape and bandages that you place on the bottom of the foot. This helps with your symptoms.
- Orthotics: These are the custom shoes that your podiatrist can create for you.
- Medication: Cortisone injections reduce the pain and inflammation in the foot. Anti-inflammatory drugs also reduce your swelling.
- Surgery is the last resort for treatment. The procedure is done on an outpatient basis. The injured nerve is removed and recovery takes a few weeks.
Protect your feet from heel pain by following these simple, everyday tips.
Heel pain is incredibly common, as most people will deal with this problem at some point during their lifetime. Fortunately, at Affiliates in Podiatry in Concord and Meredith, NH, we're here to help. Read on to learn of some ways to prevent heel pain from occurring to you.
Wear Properly Fitted and Appropriate Shoes
While you may love sporting high heels or whatever shoes are in season, the problem is that many dress shoes don’t provide feet with enough support. It’s important that you are shopping for the right shoes for your chosen sport or profession. For example, nurses and people who are on their feet most of the day need to wear shoes that provide ample cushioning and support. The type of sport you play will also determine the type of athletic footwear you’ll need to wear.
Take time to truly find the right shoes for your lifestyle and activity level. Talk to a shoe specialist at your local shoe store, who can measure your feet and provide you with recommendations.
Consider Custom Orthotics
While finding the right shoes can provide your feet, particularly your heels, with support and cushioning, it’s also important to reduce shock absorption. Whether you are prone to heel pain or not, our Concord, NH, foot doctors can examine your feet and determine whether you could benefit from customized shoe inserts. These inserts are fashioned to your feet providing you with additional support and shock absorption to reduce your risk for plantar fasciitis.
Slowly Amp Up Workouts
If you run or workout, it’s particularly important that you are listening to your feet and not putting them through too much stress and abuse. That’s why it’s important to incorporate new workouts gradually, rather than immediately increasing miles, speed, or intensity. If you suddenly go from running on a treadmill to running outdoor trails, you will need to decrease your mileage until your feet become accustomed to the rocky, uneven terrain.
It’s also important to incorporate rest days into your weekly workout routine, especially if you’re someone who participates in high-impact or high-intensity sports. Cross-training is key to reducing heel pain and injury, so make sure that you are adding low-impact workouts such as swimming or biking into the mix.
Our Concord and Meredith Meredith, NH, offices are now opened during the pandemic. The doctors are treating heel pain and providing comprehensive foot and ankle care at this time. Affiliates in Podiatry is also providing telemedicine visits, so patients can still get care from a medical professional without leaving the house. We also offer curbside pickup of supplies and orders. To schedule an appointment or telemedicine visit please call our Concord, NH, office at (603) 225-5281 or our Meredith office at (603) 279-0330
- Running requires shoes with shock absorption. Your feet take on a lot of pressure and friction. Cushioning your shoes in the correct areas keeps you from feeling the pain.
- Traction is important in sports that need quick changes in direction and sprinting, like basketball. Traction should never be too high or low. The right shoes keep you from slipping on the floor while letting you move and pivot.
- Ankle support is a must. It limits the side-to-side movement that knocks your ankle out of alignment. This kind of support keeps ankle sprains at bay. For sports like basketball, hockey, skiing, and skating, make sure that your shoes aren’t too high. Otherwise, they will dig into your Achilles tendon. You can also wear soft ankle braces.
- Arch support varies for everyone. Your podiatrist can test your foot to determine your gait. Depending on the results, your podiatrist can recommend orthotics or special shoe inserts.
The arches of the feet play a role in supporting your body’s weight when standing or in motion. The tarsal and metatarsal bones make up the arches of the feet, also receiving additional support and stability from tendons and ligaments; however, our feet, like the rest of our body, can be affected by infections, disorders, and structural changes that can impact not only the health of our feet but also our mobility. It’s important to recognize the warning signs of arch problems so you know when you to see a podiatrist.
Arch Pain Causes
If you are dealing with arch pain it is most likely caused by an injury or by structural abnormalities in the foot. For example, those with very high arches as well as those with flat feet may experience arch problems due to these common structural issues.
As a result, there are other factors that could also lead to further arch problems including:
- Being overweight or obese
- Plantar fasciitis
- Cavus foot
- Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction
It’s important to understand a little bit more about these common foot disorders and how they could affect the arches of your feet.
This condition that causes inflammation and microtears in the plantar fascia is also the most common cause of heel pain. Of course, because the plantar fascia (a ligament that connects the toes to the heel bone) also supports the arches of the feet this can also lead to arch pain. This condition is usually the result of overuse and is seen most often in runners. If you have plantar fasciitis it’s important to avoid physical activities until the fascia has fully healed.
This condition, which affects the structure of the foot, leads to excessively high arches. People who’ve had a stroke, as well as people with certain conditions such as cerebral palsy may be more likely to develop cavus foot. This problem causes arch pain when standing or walking and can increase the risk for ankle injuries. Your podiatrist may choose to treat cavus foot through custom-made orthotics (shoe inserts), bracing, or by recommending specialized and supportive footwear.
Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction
The posterior tibial tendon runs from the calf muscles to the inner portion of the foot. This condition leads to changes in the tendon, which in turn affects its ability to support the arches of the foot. Flat feet can be caused by posterior tibial tendon dysfunction, and this is often the cause of flat feet that develop in adulthood. Like the other conditions above, treatment for PTTD usually involves bracing, orthotics, or providing custom devices that provide additional support to the arches of the feet.
If you are experiencing foot pain, swelling or other problems that affect mobility then it’s time that you turned to a podiatrist for care. Conditions and injuries that don’t respond to rest and at-home care may require more advanced treatments and therapies.
This website includes materials that are protected by copyright, or other proprietary rights. Transmission or reproduction of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use, as defined in the copyright laws, requires the written permission of the copyright owners.