What are the types of fractures?
There are different kinds of foot fractures based on the type of bone that’s impacted. Fractures can impact the toes, heel, sesamoid bone, and metatarsal bone, as well as the ankles. Stress fractures are hairline fractures that occur as a result of repeated stress placed on the foot. This is common in athletes.
What are the warning signs of a fractured foot?
There are certain symptoms to be on the lookout for if you suspect that you might have a fractured foot. Some signs of a foot fracture include:
- Pain that gets worse with movement
- Limited mobility or restricted range of motion
- Trouble bearing weight on the injured foot
- Deformity or misshapen foot
How is a fractured foot treated?
- Ample rest
- Pain relievers to alleviate pain and swelling
- Physical therapy and rehabilitation
- Specialized exercises
- Protective shoe or boot
- Casting, crutches, or immobilization (for more severe fractures)
How your podiatrists in Meredith, and Concord, NH, can help when you experience a sports injury.
Even if you are in great shape, sports injuries can happen, especially to your extremities. Your feet, ankles, and toes may be affected due to inadequate protection. Fortunately, your podiatrist can help when you experience a sports injury.
Drs. Jeffery Davis, Thomas Detwiller, and William McCann at Affiliates in Podiatry offer comprehensive foot and ankle services, including treatment of sports injuries.
If you play a sport, you need to know the facts about sports injuries. These are just a few commonly asked questions and answers about sports injuries:
What can I do to prevent a sports injury?
Fortunately, you can do a lot to prevent sports injuries to your feet or ankles. Remember to:
- Always wear appropriate footwear for the activity you are doing
- Start out slowly, especially if you are new to the sport
- Stretch thoroughly to boost circulation and increase flexibility
- Rest frequently, especially if you haven’t been active
What are some common sports injuries to the feet and ankles?
- Plantar fasciitis, caused by inflammation of the band of tissue on your heel
- Shin splints, caused by inflammation of the tibia, the large bone in front of your leg
- Foot and ankle fractures, caused by trauma from contact sports
- Achilles’ tendonitis, caused by overuse and excessive foot stress
What can I do at home to heal from a sports injury?
Minor sports injuries may be treated at home. You can try:
- Icing the area to reduce swelling
- Taking over-the-counter anti-inflammatory and pain medication
- Resting and taking the weight off your feet and ankles
How can my podiatrist help with a sports injury?
Your podiatrist is an expert at treating sports injuries affecting your feet, ankles, and toes. Common professional treatments include:
- Custom orthotics or footwear to protect your feet
- Prescription-strength anti-inflammatory medication
- Assistive devices including casts, walking boots, or crutches
- Stretching and physical therapy to increase mobility
- Surgical treatment to realign bones in your feet or ankles
To learn more about the types and treatment of sports injuries and how your podiatrist can help, call Drs. Jeffery Davis, Thomas Detwiller, and William McCann at Affiliates in Podiatry. You can reach them in Meredith, NH, at (603) 279-0330, or in Concord, NH, by calling (603) 225-5281, so call today.
What are the signs and symptoms of arthritic feet?
Wondering if you could be dealing with arthritis in your feet? Some warning signs include,
- Joint pain and stiffness
- Joint swelling
- Joint warmth and tenderness to the touch
- Pain with movement
- Increased pain and swelling after rest
There are several different treatment options that we have available to handle your arthritis symptoms:
Medication: Over-the-counter anti-inflammatories like ibuprofen can help reduce inflammation and pain. While those with more minor bouts of arthritis can often find relief from these medications, some patients may need a prescription-strength pain reliever to manage more severe symptoms.
If these conservative treatments don’t do much to help your condition, then we may need to discuss the possibility of surgery. There are different kinds of surgery that we can perform and a lot will depend on the severity and cause of your arthritis. Those with advanced forms of arthritis may have to consider a total ankle replacement.
What is a corn?
A corn is a buildup of skin that occurs when there is repeated friction or pressure placed on the skin. This buildup of skin helps to protect the skin underneath. Corns most commonly develop on the side or tops of the toes and can be either hard or soft. Soft corns often appear between the toes while hard corns typically form on the tops of the toes. While both corns and calluses are thickened areas of skin, calluses are often larger and typically develop on the bottoms of the feet.
Who is more at risk for developing corns?
Certain factors can make someone prone to corns and calluses. These include:
- Wearing shoes that are too tight or too narrow
- Having certain foot conditions that alter its structural alignments such as arthritis, bunions, or hammertoes
- Wearing shoes without socks
- Being a smoker
If you are a healthy individual, then simple lifestyle changes and home care can help to improve your corn. Soak the area for 5-10 minutes to soften the area. You may use a pumice stone to gently remove some of the thickened layers of skin. Make sure not to be too aggressive or to remove too much, as this can lead to bleeding and even infection. After pumicing the area, make sure to apply a moisturizer to your feet. If you have diabetes or nerve damage in your feet, do not try the pumice or remove the corn yourself. A podiatrist can provide you with the proper treatment.
Make sure you are wearing properly fitted shoes at all times. This can cut down on the number of corns or calluses you’ll deal with. Keep nails properly trimmed so they don’t rub against toes and cause corns. If certain areas of your feet are prone to corns, you may wish to apply protective adhesive padding to the area either to protect the corn or to prevent a new one from forming.
If you notice any changes to a corn, including signs of infection, it’s important that you turn to a podiatrist right away for care. While most corns will go away if you avoid any shoes that cause pressure or friction to the area, you should turn to a foot doctor if you have concerns.
What are orthotics?
Sometimes known as arch support, custom orthotics give people the freedom to stand and move easier and more comfortably. Some people might opt for over-the-counter orthotics because of convenience; however, over-the-counter orthotics are not crafted uniquely to your feet, which often means that they won’t provide the relief you’re looking for from foot pain and other issues, and may even make problems worse. Instead, consider getting custom orthotics that are designed to correct your specific foot problems, ease symptoms, and make it easier for you to get back to your life.
Here are the types of custom orthotics that podiatrists often provide:
Rigid orthotics are often made from harder materials such as plastic or carbon fiber and are used to control function. They also help to control motion in the joints of the foot. They are most often used with walking shoes or dress shoes as they help with strains, aches and pains in the legs, thighs, and lower back.
Just like the name states, soft orthotics are made out of more cushioned materials so they can act as shock absorbers, help with balance, and relieve pressure. They also cradle the soles of the foot and support everything from the heel and balls of your feet to the toes. Since soft orthotics help to absorb shock, they can be a good option for athletes and those with active lifestyles.
Semi-rigid orthotics can also be a great option for sports players as they provide a good balance. As the name implies, semi-rigid orthotics are made with layers of soft material that are backed by a rigid material. While this type is great for avid walkers and the like, semi-rigid orthotics are also prescribed to treat flatfoot and other foot disorders in children. If you’re planning on running a marathon this year and you’re experiencing foot pain, semi-rigid orthotics might help relieve some of the discomforts you’re feeling while training.
Are you interested in custom orthotics? If so, your podiatrist can chat more about orthotics and how they could benefit your feet based on your foot health, age, activities, and lifestyle.
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